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Grupa OPANUJ STRES

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Joshua Kelly
Joshua Kelly

English Language Communication Skills [BETTER]



English is the common language of navigation, such as for air traffic controllers and airline pilots, and it is the most common language used on the worldwide web. It is one of the six official languages of the 193-member United Nations. It is also the language of scientific research, with some 96 percent of science journals publishing in English. Some researchers report that learning English communication is as important to obtaining their PhD as their thesis.




English Language Communication Skills



English is spoken by about 2 billion people today. As a native language, English ranks third, but it is the number one language learned by speakers of other languages. In fact, more people use English communication as a second language than they do their own native language.


Dr. Starley Dullien, Program Director of the English Language and Pathway Programs at National University, speaks English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, and is currently learning Chinese. She draws on her personal experience when she suggests day-to-day strategies for improving English communication skills.


While you might think a remark is sarcastic or funny, your reader might see it as rude or mean. In verbal communication, those we talk to can see our body language and facial expressions, and they can hear our tone. For example, a colleague can see you smile and hear you laugh as you joke about not finishing the pile of work on your desk. However, in an email, he or she could take the same remark completely seriously. Think about what you have written (particularly in professional or academic conversations) and consider whether the person with whom you are conversing would be likely to take any remarks the wrong way.


You will be able to communicate more professionally and accurately in English. Professional communication skills will include writing emails; speaking in person, on the phone, and through video conferencing; and using online tools such as LinkedIn and Twitter to enhance your online presence.


There are ways to prevent communication errors, as both a speaker and a listener. All you have to do is remember three very important rules of communicating, and follow a few basic tips to really improve your communication skills in English.


To be eligible for ECFMG Certification, international medical graduates (IMGs) must satisfy a number of requirements, including the medical science examination requirement, the clinical skills requirement, and the communication skills requirement. Step 1 and Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) of the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) are the exams currently administered that satisfy the medical science examination requirement.


To meet the clinical and communication skills requirements for ECFMG Certification, eligible IMGs can use the Pathways. The Pathways allow qualified IMGs to continue to pursue ECFMG Certification and to compete for positions in U.S. graduate medical education (GME), while providing assurance to the public and U.S. GME programs that IMGs are ready to enter supervised training.


The Pathways for ECFMG Certification for the 2023 Match (2023 Pathways) are intended for IMGs who need to meet the clinical skills requirement and the communication skills requirement for ECFMG Certification and who plan to participate in the 2023 National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Main Residency Match (The Match) in March 2023.


If you are an IMG who needs to meet the clinical and communication skills requirements for ECFMG Certification, and you intend to participate in the 2023 Match, you must apply to one of the 2023 Pathways. There will be no exceptions to this requirement, or to the eligibility requirements for the Pathways. See Applying to the Pathways below for an overview on how to apply.


Important Note: If you already have satisfied the clinical and communication skills requirements for ECFMG Certification, you do not need to (and are not eligible to) pursue a Pathway to meet the requirements for ECFMG Certification or for participation in the 2023 Match. Individuals who already have satisfied the clinical and communication skills requirements for ECFMG Certification include:


As part of the Pathways, applicants are required to attain a satisfactory score on the Occupational English Test (OET) Medicine to satisfy the communication skills requirement for ECFMG Certification. All Pathways applicants, regardless of citizenship or native language, must satisfy this requirement in addition to meeting the requirements of a specific Pathway.


Important Note: Applicants who failed Step 2 CS one or more times must apply to Pathway 6 in order to meet the clinical and communication skills requirements for ECFMG Certification, regardless of whether they meet the eligibility requirements for other Pathways.


ECFMG Certificates issued to applicants who satisfy the clinical and communication skills requirements for ECFMG Certification through a Pathway will be valid through December 31, 2024. Once the applicant successfully completes the first year of training in a U.S. GME training program accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), the ECFMG Certificate will no longer be subject to expiration.


If you do not enter an ACGME-accredited training program by December 31, 2024, your ECFMG Certificate will expire. Should you wish to enter a GME program in the future, you will be required to meet the clinical and communication skills requirements for ECFMG Certification in place at that time in order to revalidate your ECFMG Certificate.


Watching series on Netflix might not exactly improve your debating skills or formal register, but it helps you to understand the language better, get used to colloquial, conversational forms of English and implicitly get a feeling for the language. Also, you could try to pick out words that sound highly informal and look up their more scholarly counterparts. Of course, there is also a plethora of documentaries (try anything by David Attenborough to start you off) to be found online as well. Being exposed to a language for the length of a movie might help you to actually start thinking in English.


Applicants who pursue one of the Pathways are required to attain a satisfactory score on the Occupational English Test (OET) Medicine to satisfy the communication skills requirement for ECFMG Certification. All Pathways applicants, regardless of citizenship or native language, must satisfy this requirement.


OET Medicine is designed specifically for physicians, in consultation with physicians. The test assesses the health care-specific English language competency and communication skills of physicians. It is more than a test of English language proficiency, emphasizing the type of language physicians will need to communicate effectively in a clinical setting with peers and patients. For more information on OET, please visit the ECFMG page on the OET website .